Göbekli Tepe, najstarejši tempelj na svetu


Zanimiva je zgodovina, ki nas jo učijo, še posebej, ko se pojavijo izkopanine, ki nikakor ne sedejo v zgodbo človeške zgodovine in ena takšnih zgodb prihaja iz Turčije, kjer se nahaja Göbekli Tepe najstarejši (do sedaj znan) tempelj na svetu iz časa 10.000 let pr. n. št., ki je zamajal temelje zgodovine.

History of humankind is very interesting, especially when excavations occur, which does not fit into the story of human history, and one of these examples comes from Turkey, where there is Göbekli Tepe, the oldest known temple in the world and is dated back in the 10,000 BC, temple that has shaken the foundations of history.

[Slovenian above| English below]

Göbekli Tepe v turščini pomeni »Potbelly Hill« je arheološko najdišče na vrhu gorskega grebena v jugovzhodni Anatoliji v Turčiji, kjer so odkrili do slej najstarejši znan tempelj na svetu, ki ga datirajo v obdobje 10.000 let pr. n. št. Področje, ki so ga domačini imeli za sveti hrib, se nahaja približno 12 km severovzhodno od mesta Şanlıurfa, mesto v katerem bi se naj rodil Abraham, oče monoteizma. Arheološka gomila je visoka 15 m in približno 300 m v premer, vsebuje v krogu postavljene masovne kamnite stebre, katero je izkopavala nemška arheološka ekipa pod vodstvom Klausa Schmidta od leta 1996 do njegove smrti leta 2014.

Zanimivost tega prostora ni le časovna uganka, ki je zgodovino katero nas učijo, postavila pod velik vprašaj, ampak je tudi izjemno umetniško delo. Namreč masovni kamniti stebri v obliki črke T, ki so visoki do 6 metrov in imajo maso do 20 ton, so kamni iz ene oblike, na katerih so izklesane izjemne podobe živali, ljudi in to na izjemno dovršen način, pri čemer je zanimivo, da so obrazi prazni, ni sledi oči, ust, nosu, ušes. Stebri so razvrščeni v krog, pri čemer je več kot 200 stebrov v približno 20 krogih, kolikor je trenutno znanih po geofizikalnih raziskavah, ki se razprostirajo na površini v velikosti 20 nogometnih igrišč. Topografsko skeniranje je pokazalo, da druge strukture poleg hriba, ki še čakajo na izkopavanja, verjetno segajo do pred 14 – 15.000 let nazaj, v čas s prehoda ledene dobe v kameno dobo, kjer bi naj človek šele odkril ogenj.

Tole najdišče je bilo prvič evidentirano v letu 1963 v raziskavi Univerze v Carigradu in na Univerzi v Chicagu, ko ga je leta 1994 Klaus Schmidt iz nemškega arheološkega inštituta, ki je pred tem delal na Nevalı Çori, iskal drugo lokacijo za izkopavanje in ob pregledu arheološke literature našel kratek opis raziskovalcev Chicage o Göbekli Tepe ter se odločil, da ga bo še enkrat pogledal. In tako se je začela zgodba o templju, ki so ga razglasili za najstarejšega na svetu in s tem zamajali temelje zgodovine.

Zraven podanega filma si lahko ogledaš predavanje s strani ljudi, ki so to področje odkopali: PENN MUZEUM.

 

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Göbekli Tepe in the Turkish language means »Potbelly Hill« and is an archaeological site atop a mountain ridge in the Southeastern Anatolia Region of modern-day Turkey, approximately 12 km from the city of Şanlıurfa, a place where Abraham,  father of monotheism was born. Archaeological site has a height of 15 m (49 ft) and is about 300 m (984 ft) in diameter, where circles of massive T-shaped stone pillars were erected. It was excavated by a German archaeological team under the direction of Klaus Schmidt from 1996 until his death in 2014.

More than 200 pillars in about 20 circles are currently known through geophysical surveys. All pillars are T-shaped with heights changing from 3 to 6 meters (20 ft) and a weight of up to 20 tons. The date it was built, is roughly twelve thousand years ago, circa 10,000 BC and therefore is the oldest known temple in the world. Furthermore, both excavations and geomagnetic results revealed that there are at least 20 installations, which in archeological terms can be called a temple. Based on what has been unearthed so far, the pattern principle seems to be that there are two huge monumental pillars in the center of each installation, surrounded by enclosures and walls, featuring more pillars in those set-ups. Geomagnetic results show that there are also others structures that are even older and it’s assumed that it goes 14.000-15.000 BC, dated in the time from ice age to the stone age when homo sapiens discovered fire.

The site was first noted in a survey conducted by Istanbul University and the University of Chicago in 1963. And in 1994, Klaus Schmidt, of the German Archaeological Institute, who had previously been working at Nevalı Çori, was looking for another site to lead a dig. He reviewed the archaeological literature on the surrounding area and decided to give it another look. That how the story about the oldest temple started that has shaken the ground of history, as we know it.

Also, check interesting lecture from people who dig this story up: PENN MUSEUM.

Göbeklitepe Documentary The Worlds First Temple

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8 comments

  1. Vsaj trditev o časovni umeščenosti odkritja in uporabe ognja… ne drži najbolj. Tule je pojsanjeno: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Control_of_fire_by_early_humans

  2. Hvala Rok za poslano … marsikaj o časovni umeščenosti ne drži :)

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