Himzo Polovina, bosansko-hercegovski zbiralec pesmi, izvajalec, pisec besedil, skladatelj, pesnik in nevropsihiater, ki je živel v obdobju 1927-1986. Mnogi menijo, da je Polovina najpomembnejši pevec in zbiratelj sevdalink vseh časov. Med pevsko kariero je končal študij medicine in postal specialist nevropsihiatrije. Kot zdravnik je delal v Bolnici za mentalno rehabilitacijo Jagomir v Sarajevu, pri čemer je uporabljal metodo muzikoterapije. Na svoji glasbeni poti je posnel dvajset gramofonskih plošč, ki so dosegle milijonsko naklado, ter bil prejemnik številnih nagrad. Pogosto je nastopal v človekoljubne namene po raznih bolnicah, domu upokojencev, domovih za zapuščene otroke, klubu zdravljenih alkoholikov itd. Umrl je na koncertu v črnogorskem Plavu za posledicami infarkta. Zadnja pesem, ki jo je na zahtevo publike večkrat odpel, je bila Emina.
Dokumentarec ~ Himzo Polovina Velikani sevdaha
Himzo Polovina, Bosnian-Herzegovinian song collector, artist, songwriter, composer, poet and neuropsychiatrist, who lived in 1927-1986. Many believed that Polovina was the most important sevdalinka* singer and collector of all time. During the singing career he finished medical school and became a specialist in neuropsychiatry. He worked as a doctor in the Hospital for Mental Rehabilitation Jagomir in Sarajevo, where he used the method of music therapy. During his musical career he made twenty LPs that have reached one million copies, and he also the received numerous awards. He often performed for humanitarian purposes in hospitals, retirement home, homes for abandoned children, a club for recovering alcoholics, etc. He died at the concert, in Montenegro in city named Plav, from infarct. The last song he performed was at the request of the audience, and it was the song Emina.
*sevdalinka – is a traditional genre of folk music from Bosnia and Herzegovina. The actual composers of many sevdalinkas are unknown. Sevdalinka songs are very elaborate, emotionally charged and are traditionally sung with passion and fervor. The combination of Oriental, European and Sephardic elements make this type of music stand out among other types of folk music from the Balkans. Traditionally, sevdalinkas are women’s songs, most addressing the issue of love and longing, unfulfilled and unfortunate love, some touch on a woman’s physical desire for her loved one, and some have comic elements. Currently they are often performed by men as well. Traditionally, they were played without any instruments, hence the elaborate harmony. The origins of sevdalinka are not known for certain, though it is known to date from sometime after the arrival of the Turks in medieval Balkans. The word itself comes from the Turkish sevda which derives from the Arabic word sawda (meaning black and also black bile, which in earlier times was used by doctors to denote a substance purported to control human feelings and emotions. But in Turkish sevda doesn’t mean black; it means love, caressing. That word was brought to Bosnia by the Ottomans. Today it is a richly evocative Bosnian word meaning love, caressing, longing (for loved one), and the main theme of sevdalinka lyrics. Thus the people of Bosnia employ the words “sevdalinka” and “sevdah” interchangeably as the name of this music, although the word sevdahcan also be used in other meanings. It is possible that the central term in Portuguese Fado saudade is of the same origin.
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